We have seen a few really nifty M1 carbines out of Inland the last few years. It was just a matter of time before they offered us the version the least known or seen. The M3 was the variant done up to mount a huge active IR night vision “sniper” scope and a huge battery to run it. It didn’t really pan out at the time but it’s existence did mean the carbine Colt version of the M16 would forever be known as the M4.
Now, if you add some normal day time optic to the handy little carbine that is another story. Above you can see the base/ring mounting system Inland has developed for the mounting of optics. Simply put, the base uses the redfield/leupold turn in front ring and dual windage screw rear ring system. any rings you want to buy that work in this manner will fit and work. And it works really well. I chose to put a vintage Weaver K4 on the gun as it is more evocative of the time period this gun had its short heyday.
The machine work Inland put in on this is kinda of amazing. My friend and partner in crime when it comes to our more insane long range shooting ideas is an experienced machinist and when I showed it to him, we both at first thought the base was part of the receiver and machined into shape. It took a surefire light and a closer look to see that it was indeed not part of the gun. It really is a beautiful job.
One of the things that sticks out on the M3 was the cone flash suppressor. Inland did not forget this iconic attachment. And it is attachable. As you can see above it is a simple system. You can chose to put it on or leave it off. I found it did not really impact accuracy any amount I could determine while on and shooting at ranges the 30 carbine round was meant for. There was slight changes when shooting with our without though and depending on the mood or whichever gun you may have, the amount of re-zeroing could vary. I did not bother to re adjust the optic as it was less than 3/4 inch impact change and I was shooting for groups and location on the target did not matter to me.
As expected, being able to use some magnification helped with group size at longer ranges. The Inland M1s have been accurate for me over years since starting to test them.
Group above was shot off bags from bench at 100 yards. The group is a 10 round group and the one flyer I offer no excuse for other than I just touched it off without being ready. The group below was fired at the head at 150 yards.
All groups were fired using federal soft point LEO ammo. I have no idea where I ever got this ammo from but it is pretty accurate. Unfortunately I used all I had left for this test. Target below was fired at center body of target from 300 yards. With the optic it was pretty easy. It is still a carbine meant for combat but I can’t imagine anyone with any sense really having much to complain about its performance at this range. But I am sure some one will in the comments.
Hey, what more could you ask for considering the limitations of the round? Pair the optic with a Korean era 30 round magazine and you got one heck of a neat little carbine for something. Walking around the farm shooting ground hogs or maybe short range coyote gun. With proper bullet selection maybe even white tail at shorter ranges. I don’t know, your imagination is the limit. It doesn’t need justification if you want it. if you think it’s neat then buy one. The quality won’t let you down, nor it’s looks.
I apologize for not having a full glamour shot of the gun with optic for this review. Something went badly wrong with my camera during the uploading process. The camera decided to die after 9 years and it took the remaining pictures with it. This includes the rest of the groups shots and the glamour shots of the gun posed with period militaria collectibles and all that crap you are used to seeing when I do these. That is also why this review seems shorter than normal. It’s not just your imagination or my laziness. I have been trying to recover those photos and if so I will update this review ASAP. To add to that this was the first time I didn’t bother to back up every picture by taking the same pictures with my Iphone just in case.
American made AK’s have had some growing pains. Case in point is the original Century C39. Much like when the auto industry releases a new model of car, it’s best to avoid the first few generations of that vehicle. It never pays to be a beta tester for vehicles or firearms. That said, when Palmetto State Armory decided they wanted to enter the market, many shooters likely met the news with suspicion. Retailing around from around $499 to $599 means it is one of the most affordable Kalashnikov’s on the market. Has Palmetto undercut the competition and over-delivered on quality? Let’s check it out!
The PSA-AK is a Magpul MOE Model with Zhukov stock. (AKA the MOEkov) The rifle is clean with a nice shiny satin sheen courtesy of the a baked Teflon finish. Components feel solid and the rivet work is excellent. End to end, the rifle is clean and parts look great. The fire control group? Clean. The furniture fit? Clean. The rear sight? Clean. The front sight and gas block. Clean? You get the point. Workmanship is excellent. No machine marks, no crooked components, no questionable areas on first glance. The bolt reciprocates without binding and feels a good order better than my early 2k Romanian WASR.
The MOEkov tears down easily, and function tested without issues. Again, the gas block and front sight are in-line and cleanly pinned. Color me impressed.
The star indicates that the front trunion is a machined billet component. Not cast.
Very shiny. Very clean. Ipod White? No, give me Darth Vader Black. Every-time.
The bolt carrier has some machine markings in the cam track, but otherwise looks to be made with more care than my Romanian WASR.
The safety has a pretend full-auto stop before bottoming out at semi. PSA, release a binary trigger to make this marking come to life. Please.
On the Range:
If looks could kill. Well, they don’t. It’s the bullets I am pretty sure. Over the years, any number of gun owners may have been smitten by a good looking piece only to get it out and have it sputter, choke, and turn blue like a COPD patient. That’s life. Sometimes though, sometimes the moons align and a good firearm is born. It looks clean. It functions well. It becomes a reliable friend. Did Palmetto pull it off?
My first range session was a sight in and basic function check. The rifle was sighted in with a Russian military sight in target which simplified the process quite a bit. So long as you followed the instructions, it will get you in the black at 15 yards. I had the PSA-AK in the black on the 4th round. Moving back to 50 yards for some fine tuning allowed me to finish the sight in. The AK’s front sight was well centered within the protective ears of the front sight and did not require excessive windage for zero.
Once that was done I settled in to the rifle and began to evaluate the feel of the rifle. The trigger was a long rolling break, which is par for the course on a stock AK. The irons painted a clean sight picture and they were as sharp as a notch and post could be thanks to the clean machine work. At 50 yards I noticed some vertical stringing with two separate groups using standard WOLF.
My sight in and target session was roughly two trouble free magazines. I then began to take aim at various targets around the property with a third magazine, and encountered no jamming or malfunctions of any type on the clean weapon. Extraction was positive and the rifle functioned well. I then began to submerge the rifle in brackish water with moderate particulate. The weapon fired its first round and then had a failure to feed. I remedied this by chambering a new round and the rest of the magazine was emptied without issue.
I then proceeded to muddy the rifle. I threw mud into the action and decided to push the PSAK to level 10. The mud is a mixture of grass and South Texas clay. It was thick and I knew from the outset that this was going to be too much grit in the action for any rifle to handle. I fully expected the rifle to choke, but much to my surprise I was able to remedy the failures to feed by tapping the charging handle foreward. In effect, the AK became a single shot rifle. After around 15 shots of this, I decided to do what any sane person would do if their rifle became so inhibited. I submerged the rifle and shook it out in a relatively clean bucket of water. I think its safe to say that if any of our defensive rifles became so muddied, that priority number 1 would be to clean it with whatever was available. Canteen water, a cattle trough, VOSS bottled water for the well-to-do… anything to clear out the gunk!
Unfortunately, despite a quick rinse out the rifle remained a single shot for a few more rounds. Sure that something was in the way (of bolt lockup, thanks Kurt for the lyrics) I did a complete strip and hosed the PSAK down with a real hose and used the high pressure finger nozzle. I then re-assembled and attempted to finish the magazine. It remained a single shot rifle for the next seven-ish rounds and whatever it was that prevented bolt lockup must have been crushed to smithereens or displaced. It was now a functional semi-auto for the subsequent magazines.
So take that for what you will. Mud stops rifles. All Rifles. The PSAK is no different, however It functioned well enough to remain a single shot rifle through some terribly adverse conditions. The final rinse with a hose may have helped and eventually the rifle returned to functional status without lube.
I got the rifle home and let it air dry. I like to do this to ensure we see how the finish holds up to water. The tear down revealed one small spot of rust on the bolt carrier, and one area of concern on the bolt itself. I noticed the presence of possible shear or wear on the firing pin retaining pin.
I removed the pin and inspected for damage. None was noted to the firing pin or the retaining pin other than the shiny area. I stoned the top of the pin to remove the rough edge that was created at some point and re-assembled. The action felt smooth. Let’s get back on the range.
Range Session 2:
With the next range session, I was focused on accuracy testing. I installed a 1-4x variable from Atibal on a GG&G AK picatinny mount. I used some higher quality ammunition and re-tested for accuracy with PDX-1 Defender from Winchester.
The results were much better with no evidence of stringing. The Magpul adjustable stock was a welcome addition as I needed a longer length of pull for the optic setup. Here are my results:
3.7 MOA is typical of the AK style rifles, and I felt that it was sufficiently accurate for anything an AK could be asked to do. I then plinked with standard steel cased Russian fodder and had no malfunctions though the case. We heated up the AK nice and toasty, and passed it between friends. It remained solid throughout testing.
The PSA AK47 is a quality entry into a market where it’s getting harder and harder to find reasonably priced AK-47s. Retailing at roughly $599 is no small feat for all the R&D and tooling it must have cost to release this rifle series. Other moderately priced American made AK’s have had well documented issues… It appears that Palmetto State Armory is not willing to make the same mistakes. They have upgraded once cast components to billet, and now it appears the most recent generation (G3) of the PSA AK features forged front trunion, forged carrier, and forged God knows what else. That shows a commitment to doing it right. You want to see how to do it wrong? Click here. With more and more import restrictions and less motherland made parts kits coming in, American made Kalashnikov’s may be the direction we have to go in the future.
My PSA MOEkov performed well during my testing. The firing pin retaining pin was an easy fix at home, and it was a minor problem on an otherwise excellent AK. The accuracy was as expected for a Kalashnikov. The PSA AK was sent by Palmetto State Armory for T&E and PSA and I have a financial relationship at www.thenewrifleman.com, my private blog. By posting this article at www.LooseRounds.com I have taken that relationship out of the review as LooseRounds.com does not have a financial relationship with Palmetto State Armory. If you want to show PSA some love for “doing it right” then click here to check out the MOEkov!
Today I decided to do another post about things I have run across or crosses my mind. Like the first time I did this it will be images I found interesting or noteworthy.
First off is a first. Serial number 1 Colt model of 1911. It doesn’t get any more historic than that.
On that note, here is a colt recently shown by RIA. A great example of the gunmaker and engravers art.
This is an interesting picture I ran across on a facebook page about the Vietnam war. A soldier that is a radio operator who seems to not have liked to the idea of not carrying anything. But the part that sticks out is the “sniper rifle”. I don’t think it is a Model 70 based on the shape of the stock and rear sight. It may be a M700. An optic has been mounted to the gun by some one. In this case the optic appears to be the m84 optic originally put on the sniper variants of the M1 Garand. Some did end up being used on M14s during the war when sniper rifles were urgently needed.
More on sniper stuff is this SOF cover of a kinda well known image. Taken during the invasion of Iraq, it’s a USMC sniper team. I have always liked this picture. It really gives us a look back on how much has changed since then. Changes in guns and gear has been rapid since things started in 2001.
Seems the russians have a interesting way of training prospective snipers.
Jerry “Mad Dog” Shriver, MIA in during the Vietnam war while on a cross border top secret operation. I think everyone who would come to a site like this has heard of him. A few months ago on one of the militaria collectors forum shared something he was able to secure from Green Beret Shriver’s mother.
The dress uniform may or may not have been worn by the legend. It was used at the funeral service for Shriver. An empty casket as real life action hero’s body has never been recovered to date.
Above is the picture of 1 carbine owned by another legend. The gun was owned my Audie Murphy and given to a friend. the mags are still taped up the way Murphy had them with the same ammo it came with when gifted to his friend.
Last is a bit of humor I ran across that gave me a good laugh.
Disclosure: I don’t mean this as a proper review as this was broken and missing parts when I received it.
The ARMS 40 Std A2 rear sight is an older designed BUIS that is spring loaded to flip up and does not lock. Windage adjustments are .75 MOA.
A few years ago now, I received a disassembled ARMS 40 rear sight. It was missing the aperture and was reassembled incorrectly. I had tried contacting them about purchasing the missing parts or sending it in to be rebuild. If I recalled correctly they never responded to me.
I thought that it would be easy to get an A2 aperture to drop in it and get it operational. Oh boy was I wrong.
Each time I ordered some part or accessory I needed, I tried to order an A2 aperture to go along with it. Every time until now the A2 apertures were out of stock. EVERY TIME!
I even tried to get one from White Oak Armament, they discontinued carrying the standard A2 rear sight aperture. WTF? I guess A2 sights are truly dead.
Finally I made an order from MidwayUSA and they had only had a couple DPMS A2 apertures left. So I got one.
That aperture installed just like how you would install one into a carry handle. Now I am able to use the sight.
To install one of the ARMS 40 series sights, you unscrew a nut. This nut has a wide slot on it so that you can use a screw to remove it. It is suppose to be secured with a wire tether to the sight, but this old abused sight lacks that. The base of the sight is slid onto the rail, the cross bolt inserted and then locked in place with the nut.
On the right rear of the sight is the latch that securely holds the sight down. It is quick and easy to release the sight and the sight springs up. You can also easily secure the sight down one handed.
The sight springs up. It is suppose to lean slightly backwards so that if the weapon is dropped the sight folds. It does not lock with the intent to hold to prevent damage. Mine seems to lean a little forward. Letting it spring up on its own makes noise, but I wouldn’t call it loud.
The sight is notched so that if it is pushed down it has clearance for the latch so that nothing is damaged.
With the A2 aperture this sight provides the same sight picture of any other A2 sight. The first ARMS 40 models had a cut down peep to make the sight shorter. They also offer the ARMS 40 STD A2 that has a standard A2 aperture like this one.
I had initially intended to fix this sight and then sell it. But I think I found a home for it.
I remember a short time back in the day when flat top uppers were first getting popular that the ARMS 40 was considered the best BUIS out there. But that quickly changed. MSRP is $136, so there are cheaper excellent options. The tall height of this sight prevented many optics from fitting over it. I found I couldn’t put an ACOG or several of my standard scopes over this BUIS when it was mounted to an AR15. ARMS later made the ARMS40L a low profile version of this sight.
I’d still love to have one of the low profile ARMS 40L-P models, but I’m not going to spend the cash for one.
This was a good rear sight, but when options like the Troy flip up sights came out, these seemed to be quickly forgotten. Locking sights were perceived as being more durable. Not to mention many of the good alternatives were cheaper.
Now, the ARMS 40 series is an expensive obsolete relic.
Ok, I’m phoning it in this week. I found these old HK BUIS I thought I sold long ago, and I found that the old article on them has all the images missing.
On the HK416/MR556 and their .308 rifles as well the optics rail is higher than the rail on a standard flat top AR15. Because of this HK fixed iron sights are lower than standard height AR15 sights so they can not compatible to use together. Not that you would want too.
Under the 200m aperture of the drum, there will be 1 or 2 dots. If there is a single dot (like this one) the sight is calibrated for a 10.4 inch barrel. If there are 2 dots, it is the model for the 14.5 and 16.5 inch barrels.
HK Front sights are not adjustable, all zeroing adjustment is done on the rear sight.
The drum apertures are different sizes and set for 100 to 400 meters. The 100m opening is much larger than the other ones to make it easier to use for close quarters use.
Windage is adjusted by loosing the screw on the top of the sight, and turning the screw on the right side of the sight. 1 full turn will move your point of impact 6 inches at 100m. Tighten the top screw to lock the sight back in place.
Inside the drum there are two tabs. Compressing both tabs inwards allows for the drum to turn adjusting the elevation of the rear sight. You need to turn the elevation drum in 1/4 turn increments for 1.5 inch adjustment at 100m. If you don’t have the proper sight adjustment tool, you can make adjustments using a pair of needle nose pliers.
Zeroing these sights can be annoying.
They are nice sights, and if you are more familiar with HK style sights than AR sights, it is nice to have this option. However you can get good AR sights for cheaper that will have a finer and easier adjustments.