5.56 Timeline

Workplace Intruder Event Lessons Learned

A family friend had an experience this week that I thought was worth sharing. The quotes below are his own words:

“I run a company of close to 50 employees. I have always felt the responsibility to make sure they are safe and happy. I have carried a concealed weapon for close to nine years nearly every time I have left my house. That decision has nothing to do with feeling like a self-proclaimed security guard for our staff. I have carried as a personal choice for my own protection and it just so happens that I now lead 50 people.

I have been into preparedness for five years and always enjoy Cassie’s / Loose Rounds posts on food storage or other family preparedness. A week ago, I drafted an emergency response plan for our staff that was in much more detail than previous information we had. It included information about earthquakes, fires, power outages, pandemics, and intruders, such as a robbery or potentially-violent attack. I set aside time to train our receptionists on what to do in case of a robbery. I never expected that four days later we’d experience that in such an unusual way.

I am often the first person in our building each morning. I have security cameras up on my computer monitor just so I can see who is coming in the front door while I am there (I can hear the door chime but want to make sure I know who it is). A few employees had arrived and it was normal business, until out of the corner of my eye I saw someone behind our building. The back of our building isn’t easily accessible so that was the first red flag.

I zoomed in on that camera and followed a man I didn’t recognize. He then proceeds to begin inspecting our air compressor (which was stolen last summer), our doors, and even our security cameras. Something was up. At this point, no crime had been committed, but it seemed very odd. I quickly ran across the building to another exit so I would be able to watch him from a distance (because he would have left the view of the cameras) and call the police. As I exited the solid, non-window door, the man was standing right there! He had circled around the building and was literally 3 feet in front of me as my coworker and I exited the building. This was my first stupid mistake. I was completely vulnerable and could have been stabbed, shot, or hit over the head. Fortunately, that didn’t happen. Instead, I calmly and kindly asked if I could help him with anything. Expecting a response, I was very concerned when he lowered his eyebrows and just scowled at me as he walked past me.

He began his march toward the front door. I quickly entered the building and ran toward the front. (It didn’t feel right to pursue him and prevent him from going in the front door since we were on the outside of the building. First off, he was quite a bit bigger than me and, second, I wasn’t going to be the one to start a physical altercation.)

I arrived at the lobby about the same time he did, along with another coworker. Of all things, the man started demanding garbage bags (we don’t believe he was homeless nor do we believe he had a mental illness) and started taking business cards. My friend kindly introduced himself and the man responded “you’re a stranger and I don’t talk to strangers.” That was an odd comment. He was given the garbage bags and he left.

The entire time I was watching his hands and movements. I noticed a bulge under his shirt at 6 o’clock but I have no idea if it was a weapon. I immediately called the police and explained the situation, knowing that no major crime had been committed. But I wanted to report the individual casing our equipment. I was told that an officer was on his way. Well, it has been three days and he hasn’t shown up.

My coworkers and I reviewed the entire situation and watched the security camera recordings. We learned some very important things that will help us be more prepared if something like this happens again.”


Jon was very aware of several things that were going on. Most importantly, when he was face to face with the subject, he observed the subjects hands, movements and demeanor. He also was highly aware of a bulge under the shirt at 6 o’clock that could have been a concealed weapon. Jon was focusing on a few of the (Ten Deadly Errors) as it is known in law enforcement, without even knowing it. The Ten Deadly Errors are mistakes and missed signs that can lead to an officers death when missed. While the Ten Deadly Errors are primarily for law enforcement officers affecting an arrest, I find that most (excluding #2) can apply to concealed carry citizen applications and other unusual incidents.

The Ten Deadly Errors:
1. Failure to Maintain Equipment and Proficiency
2. Improper Search, Improper Use of Handcuffs
3. Sleepy or Asleep
4. Relaxing Too Soon
5. Missing Danger Signs
6. Bad Positioning
7. Failure to Watch the Hands
8. Tombstone Courage
9. Preoccupation
10. Apathy

While all of the errors don’t apply, there are several key indicators Jon was picking up on. This showed Jon was aware of possible danger and was also prepared to respond if needed. From my assessment of the total incident, Jon did everything a responsible Concealed Carry citizen should. Jon reflected on this experience and told me he learned some valuable lessons from this encounter.

Here are a few things Jon reflected on:

1. When adrenaline kicks in, your plan goes out the window unless your training is so engrained in your mind that it becomes natural.
2. I could have done a remote lockdown on the building as soon as I saw suspicious activity and prevented him from ever coming in the front door.
3. Do everything you can to prevent becoming vulnerable. I should have exited a door where I had a visual of what was on the other side
4. At one time, my coworker turned his back to the person which made him vulnerable.
5. Police are just as human as anyone else. Restaurants mess up orders and businesses lose shipments. Mistakes happen. We were just surprised when police never showed up. But again, this fortunately wasn’t an emergency.
6. Lastly, there is no such thing as being over prepared.

Jon is right, you can never be over prepared. When an incident happens take the time to think about it afterward. You can learn from these experiences and apply what you have learned in future incidents. Personal defense and being a responsible firearm carrier is a thinking person’s game. Read, train, think and apply your experiences to formulate the most advantageous response during an incident.


Why I hate LMT

I will not and can not advocate Lewis Machine & Tool parts and products.  Why?  Because I hate them.

Now why would I hate LMT?

Bought a LMT lower, had the finish flake off, had to pay to have it refinished.

Bought a LMT upper, had a 10 MOA point of impact shift when running it suppressed.  (Same suppressor provides no POI shift on other uppers I use, and I continue to use that can)

Had a LMT rear sight where the elevation wheel would bind up and require tools to turn past 4.

Had a (different) LMT rear sight where the windage knob spun freely.

Had a (yet another, man I’m a sucker) LMT rear sight where the aperture had a chuck of metal missing from it.  Mind you, that is cosmettic, but had I been the person assembling rear sights I would not have used that part.

Had multiple issues with a LMT MWS, including the chrome lined bore and chamber rusting, loose trigger pins.

Have a LMT bolt that causes poor reliability in any upper it is inserted in.

With the exception of the SOPMOD stock, almost every item I have purchased from LMT has had minor to major issues and I am not the only one.  Shawn has had similar issues with flaking finishes, poor reliability, etc.  I have kept a list of issues other people have had LMT.  Now all companies put out the occasional lemon, but LMT seems to be in the business of making lemonade.

Dealing with malfunctions




If you shoot enough you will eventually encounter a malfunction.

When your firearm stops working, the issue could be any number of issues, bad ammo, bad mags, mechanical failure, user error, etc.  All these malfunctions can be placed in four categories.

1.  Action closed malfunctions.  When the slide or bolt is closed, often you will hear a click when you were expecting a bang.  These malfunctions are usually cleared using the “Tap Rack Bang” technique.

2.  Action open malfunctions.  The slide or bolt is open from an issue such as double feeding or failure to eject.  Clearing these malfunctions generally involve removing the magazine, clearing the action, and reloading.  The acronym S.P.O.R.T.S. is often thrown out in reference to these issues.

3.  Malfunctions unique to a weapons system.  These include rare problems like the Glock “Phase three” malfunction, or the AR15 brass over bolt malfunction.  These generally require familiarity with the weapon system and that particular malfunction to clear quickly.

4.  Malfunctions that require tools, disassemble  or replacement parts.  If you have a squib, or if your firearm is shot by enemy fire, or should a critical part(like a firing pin) break, your firearm is rendered non-operational.  In a fight, you have to make the decision whether to retain this broken firearm or not, then either transition to another weapon system, or break contact and run away.  Outside of combat, a day at the range can be ruined if your firearm is non-functional and you don’t have a way to fix it, or anything else to shoot.


Continuing on this fourth type of issue.  I had a range day ruined when I had a case head separation with a round of Black Hills match ammo.  My broken case extractor sitting at home didn’t do me much good.  I’ve seen broken extractors in bolt actions prevent people from accomplishing what they wanted to do.  As for the picture above, that was an amazing fluke.  The slide stop on a CZ52 got stuck below the magazine follower.  Techniques like Tap-Rack-Bang or S.P.O.R.T.S. isn’t going to help you in a situation like this.

In conclusion, there are issues which will take your weapon out of action.  At those times you need to quickly decide if you can use your back up weapon, or if you need to run.

7.62 NATO, Turning cover into concealment since…. well, not as often as you may think.

Almost anywhere you go on the internet and read about guns used for combat or defense you will find the guys who will tell you that to kill anything bigger then a cat, you need the .308 . Often this is followed up with the smarmy little quip, “308 turning cover into concealment since 1953.”    The problem with this is that it is not exactly true and the 308 is hardly the tank killer its more rabid fans make it out to be.    The war on terror is often used as proof of the 30 cal rifles being better then 556.   What they do not mention or maybe don’t know, is if a 556 wont penetrate a brick wall, a 308 probably won’t either.

I took my 308  out to do some testing after hearing that old chestnut about cover etc. one too many times.  I have shot at a lot of stuff, with a lot of stuff and seldom have seen the performance claimed that a 308 will give.   I set up a little wall of cinder blocks and put a cardboard target behind it and backed off about 75 yards.  Then fired a few 7.62 ball rounds at it to see what got through.


The blocks did not even have all the other things associated with a normal house mixed in.  No pipes, or wiring or paneling or drywall. this would be an advantage for trying to penetrate the wall since it would have nothing else to get in the way. So, according to the 308 boys club, the round should have zipped through and exploded the target like an A-bomb.


The block cracked.  But the round did not go through and destroy the target. It took three rounds to do this.  Nothing that hit the target was even close to lethal. Just a few pieces of block. Keep in mind, this is from not very far away and was block only. None of the other things that make up a wall in a dwelling or some other facility that would have insulation, Wiring and pipes adn who knows what else.    Increase that yardage to 200-300 yards and beyond and the performance would drop even more.  You could turn the cover into some thing less then cover, but it would almost take up your entire mag.

The 308 is an effective round. But, it weighs more. costs more, recoils more. is harder to shoot then 556. Needs longer follow up, the guns are heavier , slower and louder then a 556.  Think long and hard about these things along with what you really need your rifle to do before you buy a 7.62 rifle based on what some will tell you about its magical unicorn stopping power. It is a potent round, but it is not what some make it out to be.

To add to above, I was reminded by Mark Hatfield that the effectiveness of the 308 or any round for that matter on blocks, is lessened even more when the block are set by real masonry.  Blocks standing free will break apart and give the round a more impressive look that does not reflect reality when trying to shoot through a real wall.


The picture above is a small structure  that housed a pump for a well. It was made after the main house was built and was constructed in the exact same manner as the house walls. The holes in the picture are form a 308 shooting M80 ball from less then 30 yards.  Not one of the shots penetrated the blocks.  Hardly the godzilla destroying power internet experts will tell you the 7.62 NATO  has.

Comp-Tac Minotaur MTAC Review

Article submitted by M

Comp-Tac Minotaur MTAC Inside the Waistband Holster Review

            Since receiving my concealed carry license almost ten years ago I have carried a firearm almost daily.  For most of that time I’ve used a Galco FX226 outside the waistband pancake holster.  It has served me well and I continue to use it when circumstances allow, however there are times when the type of dress I am forced to wear or type of event I will be attending make it impractical.  That being the case I found myself in the market for a good concealable inside the waistband holster.


After looking around online a bit I opted to go with the Minotaur MTAC IWB holster by Comp-Tac.  The MTAC features a leather backing piece with interchangeable kydex holster bodies attached via four hex screws, with the two screws closest to the weapon’s trigger guard doubling as the weapon retention adjustment, and two belt clips that are adjustable for ride height and holster cant.


Comp-Tac MTAC Comp-Tac MTAC


As a Glock user this holster appealed to me because by purchasing the 9/40/357 slide model of the MTAC I was able to have one holster that fit my G17, G19, and G26 with no modification.  Comp-Tac did this by leaving the muzzle end of the holster open thereby allowing the excess slide/frame of the G17 and G19 to extend just past the end of the kydex on the holster.  The muzzle of the G26 sits basically flush with the end of the kydex holster body.


Comp-Tac MTAC

Comp-Tac MTAC

Comp-Tac MTAC


I also liked that the holster allowed for a fairly wide range of adjustment when it came to ride height and cant due to the multi slot belt clips.  Another plus to the holster is that the kydex bodies are easily interchangeable.  By purchasing a 1911 kydex body I was basically able to have a second holster for a fraction of the cost.


Comp-Tac MTAC

Comp-Tac MTAC


When I received my MTAC it came with the holster, an instruction sheet, a hex key, a an NRA membership flyer, and a package of Smarties candy.  I’m not going to lie, getting the Smarties made me smile.


Comp-Tac MTAC


I have been wearing my MTAC on and off as circumstances dictate for almost a year now and have no real complaints.  It conceals well in both t-shirts and button up shirts, especially so if a situation dictates that I have to tuck my shirt in, and I’ve not had anyone realize I was carrying while using the MTAC.  While you’ll never forget it’s there the holster is comfortable to wear, and after a quick break in the leather backing conforms to the your body nicely.  As with most IWB holsters I’d recommend wearing pants with a bit of room in the waist to accommodate the holster comfortably.  The minimalist in me wishes the holster’s footprint was a bit smaller however it does not cause any issues and isn’t really a complaint on my part.


Comp-Tac MTAC

Comp-Tac MTAC

Comp-Tac MTAC


The only real issue I had was with the standard belt clips that come with the holster.  Because there is no type of hook feature on the bottom of the standard belt clip it did not securely grip against the bottom edge of my belt when drawing the gun from the holster.  This led to the holster coming out with the gun on a few practice draws.  Comp-Tac warns about this in the holster instruction sheet and advises that keeping your belt tight is necessary to ensure proper holster retention.  It’s a personal preference issue, and while I’m not sagging my pants like a gangsta rapper, I don’t like being forced to keep my belt snugged down that tight.


Comp-Tac MTAC


I envisioned that the standard belt clips could present this problem when looking at their shape online so I ordered the optional C-clip belt clips with the holster as well.  The C-clip features a hook shape on both ends of the belt clip which not only aides in securing the holster to your belt but in concealment as well since there aren’t two plastic strips covering the outside of your belt several inches apart.   With the C-clips installed keeping the holster in my waistband while drawing the weapon was never again an issue, and I am completely satisfied they resolved the problem.


Comp-Tac MTAC


In summary I’ve found the MTAC to be a well made holster that does well in its intended role of providing weapon concealment and comfortable wear.  I do strongly recommend purchasing the optional C-clip belt clips.  The MTAC will continue to be my go to holster when I need the concealment only an IWB holster can provide.