5.56 Timeline

The 5.45 AR15


5.45 AR15


With the cost of 5.56, some people have run 5.45×39 AR15s as an alternative.  I have owned both a S&W M&P15R and a Spikes Tactical upper in 5.45.

The main, and potentially only, benefit of having a 5.45 AR15 is cheap ammo.  5.45 comes into this country in batches so when it is available it is cheap but it is not always available.  5.45 might be a good choice if you like to shoot a high volume, and can afford to make a bulk purchase of ammo early on.  If you intend to just pick up ammo when you need it, 5.45 will be a poor choice.

There are many cons to running 5.45.  First is that the majority of the cheap 5.45 is corrosive.  Second is magazine and trigger requirements.  Another is the performance of 5.45.

I’ve read more then a few sources talk about how they shoot thousands of rounds of 5.45 and have no rust issues.  Most of the writers that say this live and shoot in the desert.  Since I have started shooting 5.45 I have found rust on melonited barrels, rust and pits in nickle boron coated bolts, rust on chromed firing pin, rust on a Diamondbond coated bolt carrier, etc.  So what does this mean?  It means if you have a 5.45 AR, you are going to have to clean it.

A barrel and bolt are not the only parts you will need to run 5.45.  5.45 will run best from magazines designed to feed it.  C-Products makes these magazines and I have had good luck with them.  Some people report limited sucess with Lancer mags, HK mags, and 20 round GI mags, but nothing other then dedicated 5.45 magazines have worked for me.  My C-products mags have sharp edges on the feed lips and have all warped from use, but they still feed and work reliably.  Combloc ammo will have hard primers.  A standard AR15/M16 fire control group may not net you complete reliability.  S&W sold their rifles and uppers with a heavier hammer and disconnector spring due to this issue.  This did make for a heavy trigger pull.  Some match triggers will reliably fire this ammunition, I use a Geisselle trigger in the rifle I shoot 5.45 in.

For years I have read people claim how 5.45 is some sort of magical armor piercing “poison bullet”.  In reality its a moderately performing round, moderate in both accuracy and stopping power.  While not a terrible round it falls behind most any modern high performance rifle bullet design.  5.45 may be capable of interesting things as a cartridge, don’t expect much from the bulk packed 40 year old commie ammo.

If you are lured by the low cost of 5.45 ammo, make sure to factor in the costs of a 5.45 upper, mags, and trigger parts.  You will most likely need to use at least 4000 rounds of 5.45 before you reach a break even point the money spent.  I would only recommend getting a 5.45 if you can purchased many thousands of rounds of ammo when it is available cheap.  When I got into 5.45, I purchased fifteen thousand rounds for it.  Since then, the price of the ammo has gone up, and twice it was unavailable.  If your considering 5.45 for the cheap ammo, make sure to buy it cheap, and stack it deep.

A proposed High-Capacity Magazine ban

Posted by Colonel Panic on AR15.com.  Used with permission.


For too long our children have been exposed to a looming threat, one which is also completely preventable in our modern world. I speak of course of these so-called magazines with a high-capacity to do harm to our youth. I therefore call for a reasonable ban and limitation on these despicable and a majority says useless, items.

Magazines have evolved a lot over the last 250 years. There are some now with 30, 50, even 100 pages of glossy advertisements, harming and tantalizing our youth. I propose limiting these periodicals to 10 pages so that writers will have to be considerably more precise if they wish to carry out mass-publications in the future. Think about how much harder it will be to break laws like libel when writers are forced to pause to properly reload their thoughts.

But you may also be thinking “But if we limit the number of pages, won’t the bad guys just buy more magazines?”. What an intelligent question! Of course we have thought of that and will be limiting citizens to owning 2 magazines. You can only read one at a time anyways, right? So who could possibly need more? And the best part is you are completely free to choose whichever two magazines you wish to own, as long as they are on the approved list below.

“Isn’t our freedom of speech protected in the Constitution?” you may ask, a rather reasonable question. Yes, but you can also agree that our Founding Fathers could not possibly have envisioned color photographs, printing press capacities of thousands of copies a minute or even the frightening aspects associated with digital media. Think of it more as a reasonable limit for the public good instead of a restriction on your rights. Remember, it is for the children.

As any respectable psychologist will tell you, the psyche of a developing child is very fragile. These magazines of today are nothing short of assault, rifle through the pages; I dare you, looking at beautiful faces and perfect bodies and try not to feel threatened. Hundreds, if not thousands, of suicides a year could be prevented by limiting society’s exposure to these self-esteem murdering periodicals. If it saves even one precious life, it will be well worth slightly limiting everybody’s freedom.

“This sounds like an expensive proposition!” one may think. Don’t worry, this too is planned for. There will be a small tax of $5 per magazine sold to go towards paying for the enforcement program. Dentist offices and Jiffy Lube waiting rooms around the country will be monitored by thousands of BATF agents from the newly created Bulletin And Tabloid Force. Private ownership will be carefully monitored through means of a registration program. Existing magazines will be charged a one-time tax of $200 or forfeited to the Government.

“What if I am the parent of a child who reads these magazines? Does that make me negligent?”. Of course not! The problem isn’t with you failing to teach your child what is right or wrong or the concept of personal accountability. Nor is it your fault that the school systems and society at large have failed to help your child through their self-esteem, behavioral and emotional issues, as these are new problems in the 21st century. The problem lies solely with the manufacturers of these weapons of mass distribution. Legislation, not better parenting or enforcement of existing laws, is the only way to solve this problem.

Non-approved List:
Newsweek (and any magazine even remotely resembling Newsweek)
Reader’s Digest
(and 1288 more)

Approved List:
Popular Science
Guns & Ammo
American Woodworker
(and 87 more)

How was this list created you may wonder? Easy, we picked magazines full of big words we didn’t understand and ones with scary features (like the black plastic covers on some of the pornographic magazines). Also, any magazine that we feel doesn’t serve a useful purpose in our modern age was forbidden. Who is “we”? Your elected officials, sworn to protect you at all costs.

Write your Congressman today in support of this proposition! Sign the 100,000 signature petition at WhiteHouse.gov to make your opinion known. Any bill with that level of majority support will clearly force Congress’s hand and make America safer for our future generations.

Once this passes, we plan to pass a law limiting clip sizes. Can you believe that YouTube allows up to one hour long videos of people doing dangerous activities that could possibly harm our children?!

This is not how your reloads should look

Bad Reload

Fortunately the owner had the good discretion not to fire the 20 rounds we found like this discarded at the range.

For those that can not tell whats going on, the bullet is setback and it has a high primer.  When bullets get set back, it can drasticly increase chamber pressure.  High primers can cause issues like out of battery detonations.  Both issues can cause personal harm.

Adjusting The Remington M700 Trigger ( simple accurizing tips part 2 )

I am  sure this info can be found on other places online, but the way I am going to show you is the simplest and fastest way to adjust the trigger on a M700.  When done correctly this gives a very clean crisp trigger pull on the factory trigger. You can also adjust the trigger to a very light pull within reason. Care needs to be taken on doing this though. A super light or “hair” trigger should not be used on a hunting gun.

I, nor loose rounds take any responsibility for you breaking the trigger, messing it up or shooting your self or friends from negligence after using the information given below.

Here is a rough picture I have drawn to give you something to look at to keep it in perspective. Obviously this is a crap rendering, but you get the idea.


Be sure the gun is unloaded and pointed in a safe direction and in a place safe to be working on the fire arm.

Be sure to remove the sealant from the  adjustment screws.

To adjust trigger.

1.  Engagement screw: with the gun cocked  and safety off, (and unloaded!) turn clockwise until sear releases. Turn counter clockwise for 0.012″ engagement

2. Overtravel screw:  With gun cocked and safety off, turn clockwise until the screw stops. With the trigger depressed. turn  counter clockwise  until sear releases with 0.005″ of over travel.  The gun will dry fire at this point. Once it does, I find this to be just right.

3. Poundage screw:  Turn counter clockwise for less weight of pull. Adjust it to a safe poundage.

The way I always test to make sure it is set to a safe poundage, is I put the gun back together, cock the action then drop it at least two feet onto a hard flooring. I hold the barrel of course so it does not fall over.  Or, you can rap the butt stock on the recoil pad smartly. I prefer to drop it onto the recoil pad from a foot or two.  If the gun dry fires, it is too light, if not, you are good to go as long as its the pull weight you want.   Working the action sharply is a decent test.  IF it is too light, working the bolt fast and sharp will also cause a  firing. Test it thoroughly to make sure you got it a safe weight.  I do not recommend it to be under 3 pounds for something you are going to walk around in the woods hunting with.  A light trigger also takes some getting use to if you do not have experience with them, even just shooting from the bench. S0 be careful.

After you test to make sure its safe, reseal the trigger adjustment screw. Finger nail polish or primer sealer will work for this.  Clear finger nail polish is always what I use. Lightly oil an put it back together. It is as simple as that and will give you a trigger as crisp and light and will give you good service for anything other then pure Benchrest NBRSA competition.

My Gen 2 Glock 19 Concealed Carry.

Over the last few years, I have reevaluated my Every Day Carry (EDC) or concealed carry firearm and associated equipment. My experience carrying firearms everyday as a law enforcement officer and my exposure as a firearms instructor and armorer lead me to my current choices.

I have carried several different firearms over the years, and a Glock 23 or Sig Sauer P245 have always been my concealed carry favorites until this year. I love the .40 cal. and 45 acp but ammo has been getting expensive, and I have slowly moved over to 9mm, as I like to shoot a lot. I have never been a fan of pocket pistols or calibers smaller than 9mm. I wanted a firearm that was very reliable, had a low recoil impulse, and was compatible with the Glock 17RTF2 that I have in a nightstand safe for home protection. I was not interested in a bulky light for it; I wanted a smooth, fast, no B.S. carry piece. I evaluated what I wanted in a carry firearm and the Generation 2 Glock 19 looked perfect.  Now these Gen2 Glock 19’s are hard to come by, but I happened to be in the right place at the right time.

Generation 2 Glock 19
Generation 2 Glock 19

A few things made the Glock 19 a good choice for me.  One (1), ammo capacity is 15 + 1 in the Glock 19. I like that.  Two (2), grip purchase. I find the mid size grip of the Glock compact series to be the best for me and the Gen2 the best out of the G19’s.  It allows for a solid grip and purchase of the firearm during the draw. Three (3), bullet technology advancements over the last decade. With the right modern loads (FBI Ballistic Test Protocol rated) like, Speer Gold Dot, Winchester Ranger, Federal in HST or Tactical Bonded, and others, all calibers perform basically the same now in my opinion. With the 9mm, I find I am more proficient at getting rounds on target much faster and more accurately.  Four (4), Kydex holsters that have come out over the last few years.  Kydex holsters keep the firearm closer to the body than any holster I have ever had and there is almost no visible print of the firearm under the clothes I regularly wear.

IMG_5157 IMG_5158

IMG_5205 IMG_5207

In the holster department, I have failed a lot more than I have succeeded. I have a whole drawer full of holsters. I looked at several different holsters while looking for the right EDC holster for me. I wanted to find a holster that could be made for me the way I wanted it.  I don’t remember how I came across NTAC Holsters, but I was looking specifically for a Kydex holster at the time.  I am not a fan of an FBI cant or 15% cant for my body set up.  I spoke with the owner and requested a 10% cant, as this works best for me, and advised I would need the holster to fit a Glock 19 Generation 2 with an extended slide stop.


NTAC seems to have gone out of business and is not responding to its customers. Loose Rounds staff highly recommends Dark Star Gear holsters.


Kydex holsters conceal very well and are comfortable with all day carry.  I have two small boys that want to go everywhere and do everything, and with my Kydex holster and G19, I have no worries of the firearm printing on my clothing as I move. Even with summer clothing, I have no problem concealing a Glock 19/23.


Glock 19 with kydex holster
Glock 19 with kydex holster

Once I got the Kydex holster and Glock 19 together, I added some parts to the Glock. I purchased the Gen 2 Glock 19 used of course. It is a late 97 model making it one of the last production Gen2’s.  I stripped all the internals out and updated required parts.  I added a few things that are my personal preference. I replaced the serrated trigger with a smooth G17 trigger. I do this in all my compact Glocks, as I do not like the serrated trigger. I added a New York one trigger spring and (-) 4.5 OEM connector.   This trigger pull set up is what I prefer.  It takes up some of the trigger slack and provides a more positive reset for faster follow up shots while still providing a 5.5 lbs trigger pull.  I added a Vickers magazine release and a Glock extended slide stop.  When I was looking at sights, the Trijicon HD’s had come out.  I gave them a try, and I am glad I did. The Trijicon HD’s are great on this firearm.  Very accurate, and I find them very fast to acquire.

Vickers magazine release and OEM extended slide stop
Vickers magazine release and OEM extended slide stop
Trijicon HD Night Sights Orange
Trijicon HD Night Sights Orange

Of all the firearms I have carried over the years for my EDC or concealed carry, the Gen 2 Glock 19 is my favorite.  Concealed carry is not just the firearm or the holster; it is multiple pieces of equipment that must come together. Going cheep on the firearm, holster or belt will not make a winning combination.  The firearm and the equipment to support it must be well made and work together. Adjusting your clothing is also a factor you must consider.   For me, it has taken over 12 years to get my concealed carry equipment as comfortable as it is right now.